Minor Prophets – Nahum

Nahum

Minor Prophets-Nahum

Minor Prophets – Nahum

Nahum’s message is directed entirely towards Assyria

  • Jonah brought his message in 760BC
  • Nahum’s message around 650BC
Map of Nineveh Nahum 1:7-8

Nahum 1:2-3

The Lord is a jealous and avenging God;
the Lord takes vengeance and is filled with wrath.
The Lord takes vengeance on his foes
and vents his wrath against his enemies.
The Lord is slow to anger but great in power;
the Lord will not leave the guilty unpunished

& Nahum 1:7-8

“The Lord is good,
a refuge in times of trouble.
He cares for those who trust in him,
8 but with an overwhelming flood
he will make an end of Nineveh;
he will pursue his foes into the realm of darkness.”

These summarize Nahum:

  • God is loving and gracious
  • God punishes the wicked

Exodus 34:6

“And he passed in front of Moses, proclaiming, “The Lord, the Lord, the compassionate and gracious God, slow to anger, abounding in love and faithfulness”

God has just as much wrath as he has love:

  • God is 100% love
  • God is 100% justice

Romans 12:9

“Love must be sincere. Hate what is evil; cling to what is good.”

BIG QUESTION :

Does God show His wrath on believers?

Hebrews 12:7-9

”Endure hardship as discipline; God is treating you as his children. For what children are not disciplined by their father? If you are not disciplined—and everyone undergoes discipline—then you are not legitimate, not true sons and daughters at all.”

Two types of wrath:

  • Micro – God brining punishment on an individual for their conduct
  • Macro – God bringing his final punishment of people for their conduct

 

Would God be a good Judge if he let people get away with sin?

GOD HATES SIN

  • How it separates people from Him
  • How it limits people from being their best
  • How it damages relationships
  • How it drags us down towards death and destruction

 

Romans 5:9

Since we have now been justified by his blood, how much more shall we be saved from God’s wrath through him!

John 3:36  

Whoever believes in the Son has eternal life, but whoever rejects the Son will not see life, for God’s wrath remains on them.

1 Thessalonians 5:9

For God did not appoint us to suffer wrath but to receive salvation through our Lord Jesus Christ

 

What does God’s punishment look like for us believers?

Romans 13:3-5

For rulers hold no terror for those who do right, but for those who do wrong. Do you want to be free from fear of the one in authority? Then do what is right and you will be commended. For the one in authority is God’s servant for your good. But if you do wrong, be afraid, for rulers do not bear the sword for no reason. They are God’s servants, agents of wrath to bring punishment on the wrongdoer.

 

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Minor Prophets – Micah

Micah

Minor Prophets-Micah

Minor Prophets – Micah

Minor Prophets – Micah

Micah:

  • Prophet from the Southern Kingdom of Judah
  • Lived in a small village on the west coast called Moresheth
  • Only 25 miles southwest of Jerusalem.

Micah prophesied during three kings of Judah:

  • Jotham – Good King
  • Ahaz – Bad King
  • Hezekiah – Good King

So what did Micah address?

  • Northern Kingdom being very prosperous
  • The wealthy treated the poor and needy without sympathy or compassion
  • Took advantage of the poor

Micah 2:2

“They covet fields and seize them, and houses, and take them.
They defraud people of their homes, they rob them of their inheritance.”

Note: God is not putting down the people with money. He is upset at how the people with money continue to exploit the poor.

The Message of Micah can be divided into 3 parts:

  • Starts off as a message of fear 1:1-3:12
  • Moves to a message of hope 4:1-5:15
  • Court room scene 6:1-7:20

 

Question:

WHY WOULD GOD KILL OFF A MAJORITY OF HIS PEOPLE ISRAEL?

Let’s look at Micah 1:9…

“For Samaria’s plague is incurable;
it has spread to Judah.
It has reached the very gate of my people,
even to Jerusalem itself.”

Did you see what God said?

  • Israel’s disease is incurable

But here is the key for Israel:

  • Their sin was spreading to others

2 Kings 18:1-8

“In the third year of Hoshea son of Elah king of Israel, Hezekiah son of Ahaz king of Judah began to reign. He was twenty-five years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem twenty-nine years. His mother’s name was Abijah daughter of Zechariah. He did what was right in the eyes of the Lord, just as his father David had done.

He removed the high places, smashed the sacred stones and cut down the Asherah poles. He broke into pieces the bronze snake Moses had made, for up to that time the Israelites had been burning incense to it. (It was called Nehushtan.)

Hezekiah trusted in the Lord, the God of Israel. There was no one like him among all the kings of Judah, either before him or after him.

He held fast to the Lord and did not stop following him; he kept the commands the Lord had given Moses. And the Lord was with him; he was successful in whatever he undertook. He rebelled against the king of Assyria and did not serve him. From watchtower to fortified city, he defeated the Philistines, as far as Gaza and its territory.”

John 15:1-6

 “I am the true vine, and my Father is the gardener. He cuts off every branch in me that bears no fruit, while every branch that does bear fruit he prunes so that it will be even more fruitful. You are already clean because of the word I have spoken to you. Remain in me, as I also remain in you.

No branch can bear fruit by itself; it must remain in the vine. Neither can you bear fruit unless you remain in me.

“I am the vine; you are the branches. If you remain in me and I in you, you will bear much fruit; apart from me you can do nothing. If you do not remain in me, you are like a branch that is thrown away and withers; such branches are picked up, thrown into the fire and burned.

  • There is a difference between gifts and fruit
  • A gift is uniquely meant for an individual to use to build up others
  • Fruit: God means for all believers to bear fruit!

 “If I speak in the tongues of men or of angels, but do not have love, I am only a resounding gong or a clanging cymbal. If I have the gift of prophecy and can fathom all mysteries and all knowledge, and if I have faith that can move mountains, but do not have love, I am nothing. If I give all I possess to the poor and give over my body to hardship that I may boast, but do not have love, I gain nothing”

1 Corinthians 13:1-3

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Minor Prophets – Jonah

Minor Prophets - Jonah

Minor Prophets – Jonah

Minor Prophets – Jonah

  • Hosea – God faithful in the midst of our unfaithfulness
  • Joel – Old testament apocalyptic on future day of the Lord
  • Amos – Common man called to preach word of Lord to Northern Kingdom. Message about injustice being done to the poor and needy. Message not received.
  • Obadiah – smallest OT book. God’s Anger at Edom for taking advantage of Israel when they were being attacked by others. Instead of helping their brothers they attacked them

History of Jonah

  • Prophet from the Northern Kingdom
  • Book Written in third person
  • Book not addressing Israel and their issues, but focusing on God’s universal character of mercy
  • Jonah is from the town of Gath-Hepher

Jonah’s call

  • Go preach to Nineveh
  • Jonah became the unwilling prophet

Assyria history

  • Started 3000BC
  • Began with the city of Asher
  • Asher was the son of Shem

Common Practice of Assyria – Relocation Program

 

Interesting

  • Jonah hears word of the Lord and he runs
  • Foreign heathen King hears word of God and he obeys

Nineveh

  • About 1800 Acres
  • Historians estimate 175,000 people
  • Book of Jonah says 125,000

Book of Jonah

  • Chapters 1-2 – God’s compassion to Jonah
  • Chapters 3-4 – God’s compassion through Jonah

 

GOD IS GOOD AT USING IMPERFECT PEOPLE WITH IMPERFECT MOTIVES

 

WHAT HAPPENS WHEN WE DISOBEY GOD?

  1. Punishment

Hebrews 12:7-11

”Endure hardship as discipline; God is treating you as his children. For what children are not disciplined by their father? If you are not disciplined—and everyone undergoes discipline—then you are not legitimate, not true sons and daughters at all. Moreover, we have all had human fathers who disciplined us and we respected them for it.

How much more should we submit to the Father of spirits and live! 10 They disciplined us for a little while as they thought best; but God disciplines us for our good, in order that we may share in his holiness. 11 No discipline seems pleasant at the time, but painful. Later on, however, it produces a harvest of righteousness and peace for those who have been trained by it.”

God will punish our disobedience:

  • To correct us
  • To make us more holy
  • Because he loves us

 

  1. God’s will may be accomplished through another person

               

Proverbs 19:21

Many are the plans in a person’s heart, but it is the Lord’s purpose that prevails

  1. We miss out on growth or opportunity
  2. God may create challenges that get us to obey anyway

2 Timothy 2:1-4

I urge, then, first of all, that petitions, prayers, intercession and thanksgiving be made for all people— for kings and all those in authority, that we may live peaceful and quiet lives in all godliness and holiness. This is good, and pleases God our Savior, who wants all people to be saved and to come to a knowledge of the truth.

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