Unanswerable Questions – Sovereignty vs Free Will

Unanswerable Questions – Sovereignty vs. Free Will

I want to start a new series on some unanswerable questions.

  1. Sovereignty of God versus man’s free will
  2. The Origin of Sin
  3. Incarnation – Jesus being fully God and at the same time fully man.

1. Sovereignty


God is in absolute control

Nothing can happen apart from God determining for it to happen

Psalms 139:16 your eyes saw my unformed body. All the days ordained for me were written in your book before one of them came to be.

Isaiah 14:24 Surely, as I have planned, so it will be, and as I have purposed, so it will stand.

Isaiah 46:10-11 I make known the end from the beginning, from ancient times, what is still to come. I say: My purpose will stand, and I will do what I please… What I have said, that I will bring about; what I have planned, that I will do.

Proverbs 19:21 Many are the plans in a man’s heart, but it is the Lord’s purpose that prevails.

Ephesians 1:11 In Him we were also chosen, having been predestined according to the plan of him who works out everything in conformity with the purpose of his will.

Romans 9:14-21

Potential Problems:

  1. God created sin – Explore next week.
  2. Man has no such thing as free will – Double Predestination (John 6:44, Acts 13:48, Eph. 1:4-5).
  3. God determines every detail – Coin flip, who wins, who gets sick and dies.
  4. Irresistible Grace.

2. Free Will
Important foundation (Genesis 1:27)

Man has been made in the Image of God – Three possible ideas:

  1. Reason
  2. Relationship with God
  3. Dominion to rule over the earth

“As bearing the image of God mankind has free will to choose for themselves.”

Matthew 11:28 Come to me all you who are weary and burdened and I will give you rest.

Ephesians 4:30 Do not grieve the Holy Spirit

2 Peter 3:9 The Lord is not slow in keeping his promise, as some understand slowness. He is patient with you, not wanting anyone to perish, but everyone to come to repentance.

1 Timothy 2:3-4 This is good, and pleases God our Savior, who wants all men to be saved and to come to a knowledge of the truth.

Hosea 11:1-2 When Israel was a child, I loved him, and out of Egypt I called my son. But the more I called Israel, the further they went from me.

Potential Problems:

  1. God is not in control
  2. Foreknowledge – 1 Peter 1:1-2, Romans 8:29

3. Potential Solution

Man has the freedom to choose with the exception of salvation.

John 6:44 No one can come to know Jesus without the Father enabling.

See Ephesians 1:4-5




Aug 21 2011

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Microsoft Small Business Specialist Microsoft Certified Professional (2007) A+ Certified (CompTIA)

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