Isaiah served as a prophet to four kings:
Isaiah Had two sons
- Maher-Shalal-Hash-Baz – Spoil quickly, plunder speedily
- Shear-Jashub – A remnant will return
Isaiah’s commission as a prophet
6 It was in the year King Uzziah diedthat I saw the Lord. He was sitting on a lofty throne, and the train of his robe filled the Temple. 2 Attending him were mighty seraphim, each having six wings. With two wings they covered their faces, with two they covered their feet, and with two they flew. 3 They were calling out to each other,
“Holy, holy, holy is the Lord of Heaven’s Armies!
The whole earth is filled with his glory!”
4 Their voices shook the Temple to its foundations, and the entire building was filled with smoke.
5 Then I said, “It’s all over! I am doomed, for I am a sinful man. I have filthy lips, and I live among a people with filthy lips. Yet I have seen the King, the Lord of Heaven’s Armies.”
6 Then one of the seraphim flew to me with a burning coal he had taken from the altar with a pair of tongs. 7 He touched my lips with it and said, “See, this coal has touched your lips. Now your guilt is removed, and your sins are forgiven.”
8 Then I heard the Lord asking, “Whom should I send as a messenger to this people? Who will go for us?”
I said, “Here I am. Send me.”
9 And he said, “Yes, go, and say to this people,
‘Listen carefully, but do not understand.
Watch closely, but learn nothing.’
10 Harden the hearts of these people.
Plug their ears and shut their eyes.
That way, they will not see with their eyes,
nor hear with their ears,
nor understand with their hearts
and turn to me for healing.”
11 Then I said, “Lord, how long will this go on?”
And he replied,
“Until their towns are empty,
their houses are deserted,
and the whole country is a wasteland;
12 until the Lord has sent everyone away,
and the entire land of Israel lies deserted.
13 If even a tenth—a remnant—survive,
it will be invaded again and burned.
But as a terebinth or oak tree leaves a stump when it is cut down,
so Israel’s stump will be a holy seed.”
World of Isaiah
Assyria had a capital that we are familiar with the name. It was Ninevah.
- Jonah ministered from 782 to 753 BC
- Isaiah started in 740BC
Assyria conquered Israel, Northern Kingdom in 722
- Killed many of the Israelites in the north
- Those they didn’t kill were transplanted elsewhere.
- Others were brought in from foreign lands (2 Kings 17:24)
- These became the Samaritans.
Sennacherib came to conquer Jerusalem
- Laid a siege against it
- Hezekiah knew it was coming and made preparations.
- Sennacherib army said let’s make a bargain
13 Then the chief of staff stood and shouted in Hebrew to the people on the wall, “Listen to this message from the great king of Assyria! 14 This is what the king says: Don’t let Hezekiah deceive you. He will never be able to rescue you. 15 Don’t let him fool you into trusting in the Lord by saying, ‘The Lord will surely rescue us. This city will never fall into the hands of the Assyrian king!’
16 “Don’t listen to Hezekiah! These are the terms the king of Assyria is offering: Make peace with me—open the gates and come out. Then each of you can continue eating from your own grapevine and fig tree and drinking from your own well. 17 Then I will arrange to take you to another land like this one—a land of grain and new wine, bread and vineyards.
18 “Don’t let Hezekiah mislead you by saying, ‘The Lord will rescue us!’ Have the gods of any other nations ever saved their people from the king of Assyria? 19 What happened to the gods of Hamath and Arpad? And what about the gods of Sepharvaim? Did any god rescue Samaria from my power? 20 What god of any nation has ever been able to save its people from my power? So what makes you think that the Lord can rescue Jerusalem from me?”
Everyone was afraid. Hezekiah came and inquired of Isaiah.
5 After King Hezekiah’s officials delivered the king’s message to Isaiah, 6 the prophet replied, “Say to your master, ‘This is what the Lord says: Do not be disturbed by this blasphemous speech against me from the Assyrian king’s messengers. 7 Listen! I myself will move against him, and the king will receive a message that he is needed at home. So he will return to his land, where I will have him killed with a sword.’”
8 Meanwhile, the Assyrian chief of staff left Jerusalem and went to consult the king of Assyria, who had left Lachish and was attacking Libnah.
9 Soon afterward King Sennacherib received word that King Tirhakah of Ethiopia was leading an army to fight against him. Before leaving to meet the attack, he sent messengers back to Hezekiah in Jerusalem with this message:
10 “This message is for King Hezekiah of Judah. Don’t let your God, in whom you trust, deceive you with promises that Jerusalem will not be captured by the king of Assyria. 11 You know perfectly well what the kings of Assyria have done wherever they have gone. They have completely destroyed everyone who stood in their way! Why should you be any different? 12 Have the gods of other nations rescued them
- Hezekiah replied with a prayer (Isaiah 37:14-20)
- God heard the prayer and sent an angel of the Lord to put to death 185,000 in the Assyrian camp.
5 Then Isaiah said to Hezekiah, “Hear the word of the Lord Almighty: 6 The time will surely come when everything in your palace, and all that your fathers have stored up until this day, will be carried off to Babylon. Nothing will be left, says the Lord. 7 And some of your descendants, your own flesh and blood who will be born to you, will be taken away, and they will become eunuchs in the palace of the king of Babylon. ”
The Message of Isaiah
The first part of Isaiah (39 Chapters)
- Chapters 1-12 – Condemnation is aimed at Isaiah’s own countrymen of Judah.
- Chapter 6 talks about Isaiah’s call
- 13-23 direct judgment towards the surrounding countries
- 24-27 depicts universal tribulation followed by the blessings of the kingdom
- 28-33 pronounces 6 woes on Israel and Judah for specific sins
- 34-35 talks again about universal devastation that will proceed universal blessing.
Babylon and the exile
- In 597 BC Nebechudnezzar conquered Jerusalem and carried of Daniel and many others
- In 586 BC He came back and destroyed the temple in Jerusalem.
- Isaiah predicted Babylon carrying off the people and riches of Jerusalem (Isaiah 39:6)
- Isaiah predicted the destruction of the temple
- Isaiah predicted the person who was going to bring freedom to the exiles. Who was it?
- Isaiah 44:28 who says of Cyrus, ‘He is my shepherd and will accomplish all that I please; he will say of Jerusalem, “Let it be rebuilt,” and of the temple, “Let its foundations be laid.”’
- Isaiah 45:1 “This is what the Lord says to his anointed, to Cyrus, whose right hand I take hold of
to subdue nations before him and to strip kings of their armor, to open doors before him
- Isaiah 45:4-5 For the sake of Jacob my servant, of Israel my chosen, I summon you by name and bestow on you a title of honor, though you do not acknowledge me. 5 I am the Lord, and there is no other; apart from me there is no God. I will strengthen you, though you have not acknowledged me,
- Isaiah 45:13 I will raise up Cyrus in my righteousness: I will make all his ways straight. He will rebuild my city and set my exiles free, but not for a price or reward, says the Lord Almighty.”
God will raise up another savior and deliverer. His Kingdom will reign forever.
Isaiah 53:4-9, 12
4 Surely he took up our infirmities
and carried our sorrows,
yet we considered him stricken by God,
smitten by him, and afflicted.
5 But he was pierced for our transgressions,
he was crushed for our iniquities;
the punishment that brought us peace was upon him, and by his wounds we are healed.
6 We all, like sheep, have gone astray,
each of us has turned to his own way;
and the Lord has laid on him
the iniquity of us all.
7 He was oppressed and afflicted,
yet he did not open his mouth;
he was led like a lamb to the slaughter,
and as a sheep before her shearers is silent,
so he did not open his mouth.
8 By oppression and judgment he was taken away.
And who can speak of his descendants?
For he was cut off from the land of the living;
for the transgression of my people he was stricken.
9 He was assigned a grave with the wicked,
and with the rich in his death,
though he had done no violence,
nor was any deceit in his mouth.
12 Therefore I will give him a portion among the great,
and he will divide the spoils with the strong,
because he poured out his life unto death,
and was numbered with the transgressors.
For he bore the sin of many,
and made intercession for the transgressors.”
Isaiah 40:31 “But those who hope in the Lord will renew their strength. They will soar on wings like eagles; they will run and not grow weary, they will walk and not be faint.”
Isaiah probably felt all of these feelings.
- He realized that God had a plan.
- Isaiah was reassured by God’s love for him and his people.
- Isaiah 43:4 You are precious and honored in my sight, and I love you.
YOU ARE PRECIOUS IN GOD’S SIGHT AND HE LOVES YOU.
It is true O Lord that these problems are real and they can have long lasting implications on myself, my family, and my country. These things threaten my way of life. I can see how they have the potential to change everything. Now, O Lord our God, deliver us from these hands, so that all the kingdoms on earth may know that you alone, O Lord, are God. Amen!