The Lies of the Devil – Judaism

The Lies of the Devil-JudaismFeb 17 2013 – Judaism – Message

Judaism

What lie do you think is at the root of Judaism?

Works

Define who is a Jew –

  • A person born of a Jewish mother
  • A convert to Judaism
  • These are Jews forever

2010 – 13.4 million Jews worldwide

  • 42% in Israel
  • 42% in United Stated
  • Remaining primarily in Europe

Foundation to Judaism

They believe that two distinct guides were given to Moses

  • Written Law
  • Oral Law

The Tanakh (Written Law)

  • T – Torah (First five books of the Bible)
  • N – Nevi’im (prophets_
  • Kh – Ketuvim (Writings)

Torah

  • Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy

Nevi’im

  • Joshua, Judges, 1&2 Samuel, 1 & 2 Kings, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel
  • Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi

Ketuvim

  • Psalms, Proverbs, Job, Ecclesiastes, Lamentations, Song of Songs, Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther, 1 & 2 Chronicles

Talmud  (Oral Law)

  • Mishnah
  • Gemara

Gemara

  • Other subjects and broadly expands on the Hebrew Bible
  • Rabbis analysis of the Mishnah
  • 6200 pages long 

Halacha (Jewish Law based on the Talmud)

Halacha teaches how one should conduct themselves in matters of spiritual, moral, religious, and personal life.

Maimonides 13 principles of faith

  • God created all things
  • God is One
  • Not physical in bodily appearance
  • God is the first and the last
  • We are to pray to Him
  • All the words of the prophets are true
  • The Torah today is the same as the one given to Moses
  • There will never be another Torah
  • God knows all deeds and thoughts
  • God reward obedience and punishes disobedience
  • There is a future coming of the Messiah
  • The resurrection of the dead

Sects of Judaism (In Jesus’ day)

  • Pharisees – Mosaic authority and had the backing of the goodwill of the common people. They believe in freewill, but that God through his foreknowledge predestines things. They believe in the resurrection after death and the divinity of the Torah
  • Sadducees – Generally priests overseeing temple affairs, Mediated domestic grievances, regulated relations with the Romans. Spiritually they believed there is no fate and man has their own free will, there is no afterlife so there is no punishment for choices once we die.
  • Essenes – Monastic (Dead Sea Scroll guys).
  • Zealots – They want freedom from Roman occupancy
  • Herodians – Devoted to King Herod

Ultraorthodox Judaism

  • Known as pious or devote ones
  • Family centered – Usually larger 6 to 7 kids
  • About 50% in poverty
  • Spend more time in study than possibly any humans in history
  • View the Torah as dictated to Moses from God
  • Rest of the Tanakh is divinely inspired by God
  • Boys and girls usually attend separate schools
  • Recognizable by their distinct dress

Orthodox

  • They view the Torah and Talmud as divine in origin, eternal, and unalterable
  • View the remainder of the Tanakh as inerrant in concept.
  • The written law was given directly to Moses (Dictated)
  • They read the Bible through the eyes of the Talmud
  • They have a hierarchy of authority with their Scriptures (Torah, Prophets, Mishnah, Gemara)
  • No original sin
  • Man can be righteous through the observance of the Jewish law
  • Awaiting for the arrival of Elijah and the Messiah to rebuild the temple

Conservative Judaism

  • Between Orthodox and reform
  • God passed the law on to the people
  • Authority does not rest in the rabbi, but by the Jewish community
  • Jewish people may adjust in keeping up with social evolution
  • Conservative permits changes to the traditional understanding of the commandments.

Reform Judaism

  • Most progressive and liberal
  • Does not regard the fulfillment of the commandments to be a vertical connection between man and God, but a horizontal connection between man and man
  • They reject many Jewish tradition
  • The individual is the sole interpreter of Jewish tradition
  • Outwardly they retain their Jewish appearance, but inwardly they get to interpret for themselves how they are going to apply to their life.

Passages on grace for salvation:

  • Titus 3:7 “so that, having been justified by his grace, we might become heirs having the hope of eternal life”
  • Romans 11:6 “and if by grace, then it is no longer by works; if it were, grace would no longer be grace”
  • Ephesians 2:8-9 “for it is by grace you have been saved, through faith – and this not from yourselves, it is a gift of God – not by works, so that no one can boast.”

Romans 11:1 “I ask then: Did God reject his people? By no means!”

Romans 11:17-21 If some of the branches have been broken off, and you, though a wild olive shoot, have been grafted in among the others and now share in the nourishing sap from the olive root, 18 do not boast over those branches. If you do, consider this: You do not support the root, but the root supports you. 19 You will say then, “Branches were broken off so that I could be grafted in.” 20 Granted. But they were broken off because of unbelief, and you stand by faith. Do not be arrogant, but be afraid. 21 For if God did not spare the natural branches, he will not spare you either.”

Romans 11:25-26 “I do not want you to be ignorant of this mystery, brothers, so that you may not be conceited: Israel has experienced a hardening in part until the full number of the Gentiles has come in. 26 And so all Israel will be saved”

Romans 11:28 “As far as the Gospel is concerned , they are enemies on your account; but as far as election is concerned, they are loved on account of the patriarchs, for God’s gifts and call are irrevocable”

  • Judaism stands in opposition to the message of the cross and grace
  • But they are loved by God
  • God does not remove his promise and calling for them as a nation
  • There is a remnant that will respond to the Gospel (Romans 11:5)
  • At one point they will once again rise up to the calling that God has for them as a nation (To be His people)
  • In the mean time we are called to pray for them and love them!

 

Pray for the peace of Jerusalem.

May those who love you be secure.  – Psalms 122:6

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