Minor Prophets – Zephaniah

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Minor Prophets – Zephaniah

Minor Prophets-Zephaniah


  • The great Grandson of Hezekiah

Zephaniah 1:1

The word of the Lord that came to Zephaniah son of Cushi, the son of Gedaliah, the son of Amariah, the son of Hezekiah, during the reign of Josiah son of Amon king of Judah


  • The great Grandson of Hezekiah
  • People call him the Royal prophet
  • Great grandson probably had – Money, popularity, influence

Outline of Zephaniah

God’s Judgment…

  • Is announced 1:1
  • Is severe 1:2-6
  • Is near                 1:7-18
  • Is Avoidable 2:1-3
  • Is Global 2:4-15
  • Is righteous 3:1-7
  • Is refining 3:8-13
  • Is removed 3:14-20

Some things we need to know:

  • God doesn’t enjoy punishing
  • God’s punishment is the right thing for Him to do
  • God’s punishment steers us in the right direction


Sin always leads to death and destruction

Pride started and

  • Wanted to be like God
  • Was not content or satisfied
  • Wanted to elevate himself

What happens with sin? – It Grows/ spreads

So God kicks sin out of heaven the problem is now solved. Right?

1 John 3:8

The one who does what is sinful is of the devil, because the devil has been sinning from the beginning. The reason the Son of God appeared was to destroy the devil’s work.


  • We are eternal
  • He created things to live forever.
  • Sin created death, and it keeps on spreading

God does not want people to go to hell

  • It is created to put a stop to this problem of sin

God has a plan for us

  • Free us from the consequences of sin
  • Use us to spread his truth

Grow us in deeper relations with Him


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Minor Prophets – Habakkuk

Habakkuk 3:2Minor Prophets-Habakkuk    

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Minor Prophets – Habakkuk

OK – Pop Quiz  (See how many you can answer before you push the “Play” button.)

Which Minor prophet was a sheep herder?


Who was the unwilling prophet?


What is the shortest of the minor prophet books?


What prophet was married to Gomer?


Which prophet deals with the day of the Lord?


How do you spell _________________?

Question: Why do bad things happen to good people?


If God is so powerful and so good, then why do bad things happen to his children?

Book of Habakkuk Historically:

Written between 612 and 585BC

Just before the fall of Judah

No longer looking at Assyria.

Now a new threat has arisen in Babylon

In most prophetic books the prophet speaks to the people about God

Habakkuk speaks directly to God:

                Habakkuk 1:2-4

How long, Lord, must I call for help,
but you do not listen?
Or cry out to you, “Violence!”
but you do not save?
Why do you make me look at injustice?
Why do you tolerate wrongdoing?

Destruction and violence are before me;
there is strife, and conflict abounds.
Therefore the law is paralyzed,
and justice never prevails.
The wicked hem in the righteous,
so that justice is perverted.

And God answers Habakkuk:

                Habakkuk 1:5-6

“Look at the nations and watch—
and be utterly amazed.
For I am going to do something in your days
that you would not believe,
even if you were told.
I am raising up the Babylonians,
that ruthless and impetuous people,
who sweep across the whole earth
to seize dwellings not their own

Habakkuk still has questions:

                Habakkuk 1:12-13

12 Lord, are you not from everlasting?
My God, my Holy One, you will never die.
You, Lord, have appointed them to execute judgment;
you, my Rock, have ordained them to punish.

13 Your eyes are too pure to look on evil;
you cannot tolerate wrongdoing.
Why then do you tolerate the treacherous?
Why are you silent while the wicked
swallow up those more righteous than themselves?

Here is also part of God’s response:

Habakkuk thought that Judah was God’s righteous and holy people

Judah’s righteousness was based off of The Law


                Habakkuk 2:4

 “See, the enemy is puffed up;
his desires are not upright—
but the righteous person will live by his faith

1.Here is what faith believes: God does not make mistakes

Habakkuk questions God’s method, but accepts His plan.

2. Here is what faith believes: God is too kind to be cruel

                Romans 8:28

And we know that in all things God works for the good of those who love him, who have been called according to his purpose.

Lots of times God’s good comes through hard and difficult trials which require perseverance and patience

3. Here is what faith believes: God always knows what is best for us

                James 1:2-4

Consider it pure joy, my brothers and sisters, whenever you face trials of many kinds, because you know that the testing of your faith produces perseverance. Let perseverance finish its work so that you may be mature and complete, not lacking anything.

4. Here is what faith believes: God is in control, thus we can rest easily

How do you respond to the challenges that God throws your way?

Do you let it harden your heart?

Do you let it humble your heart?

SO Here is what faith believes:

  • God does not make mistakes
  • God is too kind to be cruel
  • God always knows what is best for us
  • God is in control, thus we can rest easily
  • And Finally, Faith believes that when we cannot understand the way of God that we can trust the heart of God


Lord, I have heard of your fame;
I stand in awe of your deeds, Lord.
Repeat them in our day,
in our time make them known;
in wrath remember mercy.

                Habakkuk 3:2

Butterfly From Cocoon

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Minor Prophets – Nahum


Minor Prophets-Nahum

Minor Prophets – Nahum

Nahum’s message is directed entirely towards Assyria

  • Jonah brought his message in 760BC
  • Nahum’s message around 650BC
Map of Nineveh Nahum 1:7-8

Nahum 1:2-3

The Lord is a jealous and avenging God;
the Lord takes vengeance and is filled with wrath.
The Lord takes vengeance on his foes
and vents his wrath against his enemies.
The Lord is slow to anger but great in power;
the Lord will not leave the guilty unpunished

& Nahum 1:7-8

“The Lord is good,
a refuge in times of trouble.
He cares for those who trust in him,
8 but with an overwhelming flood
he will make an end of Nineveh;
he will pursue his foes into the realm of darkness.”

These summarize Nahum:

  • God is loving and gracious
  • God punishes the wicked

Exodus 34:6

“And he passed in front of Moses, proclaiming, “The Lord, the Lord, the compassionate and gracious God, slow to anger, abounding in love and faithfulness”

God has just as much wrath as he has love:

  • God is 100% love
  • God is 100% justice

Romans 12:9

“Love must be sincere. Hate what is evil; cling to what is good.”


Does God show His wrath on believers?

Hebrews 12:7-9

”Endure hardship as discipline; God is treating you as his children. For what children are not disciplined by their father? If you are not disciplined—and everyone undergoes discipline—then you are not legitimate, not true sons and daughters at all.”

Two types of wrath:

  • Micro – God brining punishment on an individual for their conduct
  • Macro – God bringing his final punishment of people for their conduct


Would God be a good Judge if he let people get away with sin?


  • How it separates people from Him
  • How it limits people from being their best
  • How it damages relationships
  • How it drags us down towards death and destruction


Romans 5:9

Since we have now been justified by his blood, how much more shall we be saved from God’s wrath through him!

John 3:36  

Whoever believes in the Son has eternal life, but whoever rejects the Son will not see life, for God’s wrath remains on them.

1 Thessalonians 5:9

For God did not appoint us to suffer wrath but to receive salvation through our Lord Jesus Christ


What does God’s punishment look like for us believers?

Romans 13:3-5

For rulers hold no terror for those who do right, but for those who do wrong. Do you want to be free from fear of the one in authority? Then do what is right and you will be commended. For the one in authority is God’s servant for your good. But if you do wrong, be afraid, for rulers do not bear the sword for no reason. They are God’s servants, agents of wrath to bring punishment on the wrongdoer.


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