1. Covenants of Old Testament
How many main covenants do you think God made with man?
Noah covenant (Genesis 9:8-17) Promise
–Never again will I destroy the entire world through a flood.
–Promise of a rainbow
Abrahamic Covenant (Genesis 15&17) Promise
–God will make Abraham father of many nations
–God promised the land to him.
–God gave them the Law to live by
–Do this and you will be blessed. Don’t do this and face the consequences.
Davidic Covenant (2 Samuel 7) Promise
–A descendant of David will establish an eternal Kingdom.
•We all like covenants that are promises to us.
We get to receive something without doing something
•The Mosaic covenant was different
•Exodus 19:5-6 Now if you obey me fully and keep my covenant, then out of all nations you will be my treasured possession. Although the whole earth is mine, you will be for me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation
•The problem is that it is impossible for man to hold on to a conditional covenant.
2. Covenant Failure
•Mankind will always fail at conditional covenants.
•Mankind is sinful
•Mankind is self reliant
•Mankind is prideful and arrogant
•Romans 3:23 “For all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God.”
•All religions in the world, except for Christianity, are based on mans actions.
–In one of their pamphlets they say that they are “Working hard for the reward of eternal life”.
–“salvation by grace coupled with obedience to the laws and ordinances of the gospel”.
•Islam – Five Pillars
–Daily quoting “There is no god, but Allah”
–Pray 5 times a day
–Give alms to the poor (1/40th of their income)
–Pilgrimage to Mecca
•Islam and Democracy are like oil and water. They believe that all laws, ethics, and teachings of the Koran are the laws of the land.
•No separation of church and state
•No freedom of religion
•No concept of grace
– Eightfold noble path
–Right speech, Right action, Right livelihood, Right effort, Right awareness, Right meditation, Right understanding and Right thoughts.
–Believes in reincarnation
–The suffering that people experience is their own fault. They are being paid back for their past lifestyle. India believes in the cast system, which they feel is reincarnation placing you in the rank that you deserve.
All of these religions are based on man’s efforts to reach salvation.
3. The New Covenant
•Put my Law in their minds
•Write it in their hearts.
•Forgive their wickedness and remember their sins no more.
•In essence what happened
•The Old Covenant was based on external conduct
•The New Covenant is based on personal intimacy