Minor Prophets – Jonah

Minor Prophets - Jonah

Minor Prophets – Jonah

Minor Prophets – Jonah

  • Hosea – God faithful in the midst of our unfaithfulness
  • Joel – Old testament apocalyptic on future day of the Lord
  • Amos – Common man called to preach word of Lord to Northern Kingdom. Message about injustice being done to the poor and needy. Message not received.
  • Obadiah – smallest OT book. God’s Anger at Edom for taking advantage of Israel when they were being attacked by others. Instead of helping their brothers they attacked them

History of Jonah

  • Prophet from the Northern Kingdom
  • Book Written in third person
  • Book not addressing Israel and their issues, but focusing on God’s universal character of mercy
  • Jonah is from the town of Gath-Hepher

Jonah’s call

  • Go preach to Nineveh
  • Jonah became the unwilling prophet

Assyria history

  • Started 3000BC
  • Began with the city of Asher
  • Asher was the son of Shem

Common Practice of Assyria – Relocation Program



  • Jonah hears word of the Lord and he runs
  • Foreign heathen King hears word of God and he obeys


  • About 1800 Acres
  • Historians estimate 175,000 people
  • Book of Jonah says 125,000

Book of Jonah

  • Chapters 1-2 – God’s compassion to Jonah
  • Chapters 3-4 – God’s compassion through Jonah





  1. Punishment

Hebrews 12:7-11

”Endure hardship as discipline; God is treating you as his children. For what children are not disciplined by their father? If you are not disciplined—and everyone undergoes discipline—then you are not legitimate, not true sons and daughters at all. Moreover, we have all had human fathers who disciplined us and we respected them for it.

How much more should we submit to the Father of spirits and live! 10 They disciplined us for a little while as they thought best; but God disciplines us for our good, in order that we may share in his holiness. 11 No discipline seems pleasant at the time, but painful. Later on, however, it produces a harvest of righteousness and peace for those who have been trained by it.”

God will punish our disobedience:

  • To correct us
  • To make us more holy
  • Because he loves us


  1. God’s will may be accomplished through another person


Proverbs 19:21

Many are the plans in a person’s heart, but it is the Lord’s purpose that prevails

  1. We miss out on growth or opportunity
  2. God may create challenges that get us to obey anyway

2 Timothy 2:1-4

I urge, then, first of all, that petitions, prayers, intercession and thanksgiving be made for all people— for kings and all those in authority, that we may live peaceful and quiet lives in all godliness and holiness. This is good, and pleases God our Savior, who wants all people to be saved and to come to a knowledge of the truth.

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