- His father was Hilkiah the high priest
- He lived in a town two miles north of Jerusalem
- Born around 645 BC
- Isaiah was born around 765 BC
- Jeremiah was a child when he began as a prophet
4 The word of the Lord came to me, saying,
5 “Before I formed you in the womb I knew[a] you,
before you were born I set you apart;
I appointed you as a prophet to the nations. ”
6 “Ah, Sovereign Lord,” I said, “I do not know how to speak; I am only a child.”
7 But the Lord said to me, “Do not say, ‘I am only a child.’ You must go to everyone I send you to and say whatever I command you. 8 Do not be afraid of them, for I am with you and will rescue you,” declares the Lord.
9 Then the Lord reached out his hand and touched my mouth and said to me, “Now, I have put my words in your mouth. 10 See, today I appoint you over nations and kingdoms to uproot and tear down, to destroy and overthrow, to build and to plant.”
Jeremiah 1:17-19 17 “Get yourself ready! Stand up and say to them whatever I command you. Do not be terrified by them, or I will terrify you before them. 18 Today I have made you a fortified city, an iron pillar and a bronze wall to stand against the whole land—against the kings of Judah, its officials, its priests and the people of the land. 19 They will fight against you but will not overcome you, for I am with you and will rescue you,” declares the Lord.
What was Jeremiah’s World like?
- Began to minister in 627 under King Josiah
- About twenty years older than Ezekiel and Daniel
- God would not allow him to marry as an object lesson to Israel
- He was threatened in his hometown
- He was tried for his life by the priests and the prophets of Jerusalem
- Put in stocks and beaten
- Thrown in a cistern
- Thrown in jail because they didn’t like what he was saying.
- 15 miles by 15 miles
- 87 foot thick walls
- 350 feet high
- 250 towers on walls
- Euphrates split it in half with two equal parts
Jeremiah condemned Judah for their worship of other gods
Jeremiah 6:8 “Take warning, O Jerusalem, or I will turn away from you and make your land desolate so no one can live in it.
& 8:5 “Why then have these people turned away? Why does Jerusalem always turn away? They cling to deceit; they refuse to return. I have listened attentively, but they do not say what is right. No one repents of his wickedness.”
Jeremiah 17:5 “Cursed is the one who trusts in man,
who depends on flesh for his strength
and whose heart turns away from the Lord.
6 He will be like a bush in the wastelands;
he will not see prosperity when it comes.
He will dwell in the parched places of the desert,
in a salt land where no one lives.
7 “But blessed is the man who trusts in the Lord,
whose confidence is in him.
8 He will be like a tree planted by the water
that sends out its roots by the stream.
It does not fear when heat comes;
its leaves are always green.
It has no worries in a year of drought
and never fails to bear fruit.”
- Repent before it is too late
- If you don’t repent Babylonian captivity is inevitable
- Yet God will establish a new covenant
31 “The time is coming,” declares the Lord,
“when I will make a new covenant
with the house of Israel
and with the house of Judah.
32 It will not be like the covenant
I made with their forefathers
when I took them by the hand
to lead them out of Egypt,
because they broke my covenant,
though I was a husband to them,”
declares the Lord.
33 “This is the covenant I will make with the house of Israel
after that time,” declares the Lord.
“I will put my law in their minds
and write it on their hearts.
I will be their God,
and they will be my people.
34 No longer will a man teach his neighbor,
or a man his brother, saying, ‘Know the Lord,’
because they will all know me,
from the least of them to the greatest,”
declares the Lord.
“For I will forgive their wickedness
and will remember their sins no more.”
Jeremiah has a nickname
“the weeping prophet”
Look at the change that Jeremiah saw over his 40 years of being a prophet
Assyria world power – Babylon world power
Jews in land – Jews in Babylon
Jeremiah in Jerusalem – Jeremiah in Egypt
Addresses the masses – Addresses the remnant
Davidic throne occupied – Davidic throne Empty
Jeremiah faithfully and obediently spoke the word of the Lord. What did he get?
- He had the answer and no one believed him.
How does this apply to us today?
Living to please Man vs. pleasing God
- Jeremiah 17:5
- Jeremiah lived to please God
- Pleasing man is futile
Choosing right vs. Peer pressure
- This is the message of Jeremiah.
- Repent and follow God
- Obey him rather than other people