One of the largest Biblical archaeological discoveries ever happened in 1947.
- This discovery became known as the “Dead sea scrolls”.
- Before this the oldest Biblical manuscripts were from 1200AD.
- The dead sea scrolls have been verified by three different sources to date from 200BC to 50AD.
- The Dead sea scrolls contain parts of every Old Testament book except Esther.
- These Dead sea scrolls validate the prophecies of the Old Testament.
Exodus 12:1-11 “The Lord said to Moses and Aaron in Egypt, 2 “This month is to be for you the first month, the first month of your year. 3 Tell the whole community of Israel that on the tenth day of this month each man is to take a lamb for his family, one for each household. 4 If any household is too small for a whole lamb, they must share one with their nearest neighbor, having taken into account the number of people there are. You are to determine the amount of lamb needed in accordance with what each person will eat. 5 The animals you choose must be year-old males without defect, and you may take them from the sheep or the goats.
6 Take care of them until the fourteenth day of the month, when all the members of the community of Israel must slaughter them at twilight. 7 Then they are to take some of the blood and put it on the sides and tops of the door frames of the houses where they eat the lambs. 8 That same night they are to eat the meat roasted over the fire, along with bitter herbs, and bread made without yeast. 9 Do not eat the meat raw or boiled in water, but roast it over a fire—with the head, legs and internal organs. 10 Do not leave any of it till morning; if some is left till morning, you must burn it. 11 This is how you are to eat it: with your cloak tucked into your belt, your sandals on your feet and your staff in your hand. Eat it in haste; it is the Lord’s Passover.”
Exodus 12:22-23 “Take a bunch of hyssop, dip it into the blood in the basin and put some of the blood on the top and on both sides of the door frame. None of you shall go out of the door of your house until morning. 23 When the Lord goes through the land to strike down the Egyptians, he will see the blood on the top and sides of the door frame and will pass over that doorway, and he will not permit the destroyer to enter your houses and strike you down.”
Leviticus instructs the Israelites to celebrate the feast of Passover on a yearly basis.
- Starts on the 14th day of the first month (At twilight).
- On the tenth day of the month they are to select their lamb without a blemish.
- The 15th day of the month starts the feast of unleavened bread.
- They had seven days to clean out all foods which had yeast in them.
Matthew 16:6-12 “Be careful,” Jesus said to them. “Be on your guard against the yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees.”
7 They discussed this among themselves and said, “It is because we didn’t bring any bread.”
8 Aware of their discussion, Jesus asked, “You of little faith, why are you talking among yourselves about having no bread? 9 Do you still not understand? Don’t you remember the five loaves for the five thousand, and how many basketfuls you gathered?
10 Or the seven loaves for the four thousand, and how many basketfuls you gathered? 11 How is it you don’t understand that I was not talking to you about bread? But be on your guard against the yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees.” 12 Then they understood that he was not telling them to guard against the yeast used in bread, but against the teaching of the Pharisees and Sadducees.”
1 Corinthians 5:6 “Your boasting is not good. Don’t you know that a little yeast works through the whole batch of dough?”
The New Testament portrays yeast as sin!
Here are a few things about yeast:
- It makes bread taste better.
- It makes bread lighter and larger.
- It makes it look like it has more flour in it.
Something else that yeast does:
- It causes the bread to decay faster!
John 13:1 13 “It was just before the Passover Festival. Jesus knew that the hour had come for him to leave this world and go to the Father. Having loved his own who were in the world, he loved them to the end.”
There are arguments among scholars as to which day was Passover.
- Was Thursday the 14th (Passover), thus making the last supper the Passover meal?
- Was Friday the 14th (Passover starting at twilight), thus having the crucifixion being the day that the Passover lamb was to be slain)?
- There are good arguments for both views.
Here is what we can see:
- Jesus was arrested or crucified on Passover.
- The next day is the beginning of Unleavened bread (Symbolizing the removal of sin/ purification).
- The next feast is the feast of First Fruits (takes place on the first Sunday after the 15th).
- Jesus rises on the Feast of First Fruits which celebrates the first of the new life of the harvest.